PDFs are great. They make digital life easier
What are PDFs? PDF stands for “Portable Document Format”. PDFs are files that anyone can open – in any operating system and on any device. Hence the name. The format was created by Adobe and they marketed it in a clever way. They made it possible for anyone at all to be able to view PDF files using their free software – Adobe Reader. The way that Adobe made their money was by charging (quite a lot, actually) for the software that created the files that were then free to view. This software was called Adobe Acrobat.
When is a PDF useful? Here’s an example. I wrote my client database using Microsoft’s Access software. One of my database’s functions is to produce client invoices. If I created an invoice in the native Access format then almost no-one would be able to open it and I would have starved by now. So, for many years I have been using Adobe Acrobat to create my invoices in PDF format that I can easily email to my clients. It seems to work: I haven’t starved yet.
Things have moved on since it was necessary to have Adobe Acrobat to create PDF files. For a long time, for instance, it has been possible to create PDF files from within Microsoft Office modules – from within Word and Excel, for instance. With the introduction of Windows 10, the ability to create PDFs of more-or-less any printable file has been built right into the operating system. You can use it from within applications (such as your browser) or you can use it from File Explorer.
Let’s just clear up a possible confusion. If you wish to create a PDF from within an application, then you might (quite reasonably) assume that you will need to “save” the file as a PDF file. This is not how it works. Instead, you have to think in terms of “printing” the file. Let us suppose you already have a printer called “HP” and another printer called “Canon”. You would select which printer you wanted to use at the time of printing the file. Creating a PDF file is just an extension of that. If you start to choose your printer, you will now see that you not only have “Canon” and “HP” to choose from, but that you will also have the option of “Microsoft Print to PDF”. Select this “printer” and you will then have the opportunity to name your PDF file and decide where to save it.
The other way of creating PDF files is from File Explorer. Simply right-click on the file, and then choose the option to “Print”. A dialog box will come up inviting you to change the name and location of the saved file. Alternatively, you can accept the defaults. A PDF version of the file will then be saved, leaving the original file intact.
You can use the ability to “print to a pdf file” to save web pages. This can be very handy as web pages do, of course, change and even disappear over time. Saving a web page as a PDF file means that you have a permanent copy of it and you don’t need an internet connection to retrieve it. It is a fact, though, that a lot of web pages won’t be completely, accurately, rendered to a PDF file. This is nothing new. It has always been the case that printing web pages to a real printer involves bits missing, blank sections, and so on. Printing a web page to a PDF file doesn’t seem to be any less successful than printing a web page to a real printer.
It’s nice to say something positive about Windows 10 for a change, after all the negativity brought about by Microsoft’s heavy-handed tactics in getting us to upgrade. For what it’s worth, my own experience of Windows 10 (on three of my machines) has been pretty positive and printing to a PDF file is a welcome enhancement.